The information used in the programs calculations was taken from the books the basic design of the two stroke engine and the book design and simulation of two stroke engines. Theoretical valve timing diagram for the twostroke cycle engine. The intake and transfer ports allow fuel mixture to enter the cylinder, and the exhaust port allows the burnt fuel mixture to exit the cylinder into the exhaust pipe. That is, the piston will close the port the same number of degrees after tdc as it opened it before tdc in this setup. Exhaust and main transfer timing can be entered by mouse click on graph, or typed in. Purchase with immediate download from digital river, shareit. Two stroke engine and exhaust design software north. Racingsm software has features for many different areas 2 stroke exhausts development, drag racing features, simulators, carburetor tuning, connectingrod analysis etc with all this knowhow along with lufo racing heritage, we believe this is a very fair price. The advantage of a rotary valve is that it enables the two stroke engines intake timing to be asymmetrical, which is not possible with piston port type engines.
A twostroke cylinder consists of exhaust, transfer, and occasionally inlet ports true inlet ports are only found on piston or rotary valve controlled engines. Theoretical valve timing diagram for fourstroke cycle engine. It enters via the intake port as the piston rises into the crankcase and then is transferred to the combustion area via the transfer ports as the piston descends and the piston top uncovers the. Bimotion 2 stroke software has been commercially available and in professional use since 1991. They are inlet port, transfer port transfer fuel from the crankcase to the cylinder and an exhaust port. The exhaust port timing, and the pipe, will determine a great deal about your cylinders performance. Each intake port can be locked to a fixed timing relation with the exhaust port. Assign fixed relationships between transfers and exhaust port. Twostroke engines without reed or rotary intake valves are pistonport controlled. You should only rely on the experience of the very best. Timing in a piston controlled port is always symetrical. They are so simple and fun that ive always enjoyed tinkering with them.
Porting is a metal finishing process performed to the passageways of a two stroke cylinder and crankcases, that serves to match the surface texture, shapes and sizes of port ducts, and the timing and angle aspects of the port windows that interface with the cylinder bore. This cylinder has two exhaust ports and five transfer ports so enter 2 in the no. Its 2007 and although there have been huge technological changes the basics are still the basics. Two stroke moped tuning two stroke timing moped tuning. However, you shouldnt just pick any business that you can find anywhere. Our 1mc, the worlds best know right angle porting tool. A narrow port reduced power but improved reliability. Software for optimal setting and design of engines and racing.
Two stroke tuners handbook 2 another mistake commonly made, sometimes even by those who have enjoyed some success in modifying twostroke engines, is to believe in a kind of mechanistic magic. If you are aiming for these qualities, modifying your 2stroke engine is a great. There are many ways to boost the power, one of which is by installing a tuned pipe. How to make portmaps, find port duration, port corner radius, port flow width, and port height, heres a great tool for converting piston travel in mm to degrees of crankshaft rotation. Exhaust port timing can be critical to your results. A two stroke cylinder consists of exhaust, transfer, and occasionally inlet ports true inlet ports are only found on piston or rotary valve controlled engines. There is a huge interest in vintage snowmobiles and their simple two stroke power plants of yesteryear. The main determinant of peak power rpm is the duration and size of the ports. A twostroke or twocycle engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes up and down movements of the piston during only one crankshaft revolution. The measurement required is the vertical distance from the crankshaft axis to the bottom edge of the. We cant afford to waste any of it by having it escape out the exhaust port this is not a concern in the 4stroke because the intake flow of fresh mixture is unlimited, or at least limited only by the duration of the intake valve timing.
Theoretical valve timing diagram for four stroke cycle engine. The other is how air density barometric pressure, temp, humidity, and elevation change, affects horsepower. Bigger carburetors, higher compression ratios, altered port timings and expansion. There is a wealth of knowledge contained in this manual. Software for fine tuning and design of two stroke engine by. For port work, one company that will help you is 2strokeporting. But because of the limited worldwide activity in twostroke engine development, program sales were limited and further development was curtailed. A good example is the rkt drop in kits that increase exhaust port timing and in turn the rpm range increased to about 84008500. From the bellmouth of the carburetor, to the insert of the reed valve and the reed petals, at the studied of the cylinder ports, until to the balance of the crankshaft, thanks at our software you could optimize your engine and to develop new.
Page 1 of 3 asymmetric timing in the twostroke engines posted in the technical forum. Porting and polishing twostroke motorcycle engines. Part of the problem is understanding the pulse or charge nature of the airflow in a 2stroke engine. What is the use of transfer ports in a twostroke engine. To draw the port timing diagram of given two stroke cycle petrol engine. Theoretical valve timing diagram for the two stroke cycle engine. The more advanced stuff will come in time the main goal for now is to just improve the flow without going overboard a little improvment will go a long way faster throttle response and better performance overall there is some risk to porting that you should take note off if you take metal from the bottom of the exhaust port to much will allow free porting that means your piston travels to tdc. Nearly every twostroke engine contains at least one piston controlled port. Oct 04, 2011 changing the power of 2 stroke engine is really very simple when you know the basic techniques of 2 stroke engines.
Jan 19, 2008 he will do one of two things,hang up, or if he is a good one,start explaining the complex nature of fluid dynamics, sonic wave pressures and the effects temperature on the speed and timing it takes to hit an open exhaust port at 6500 rpmsthis being said. Software for optimal setting and design of engines and. I need to be able to measure those things so i can determine this engines state of tune. A twostroke, or twocycle, engine is a type of internal combustion engine which completes a power cycle with two strokes up and down movements of the piston during. The trend in high performance two strokes has continued towards more case volume, however each engine and application differ. Bottom of inlet port location entering a value will produce inlet timing figures. Asymmetric timing in the twostroke engines the technical. You wish to measure the exhaust port timing, so you remove the. Blair of queens university belfast, and published by the society of automotive engineers. The measurement required is the vertical distance from the crankshaft axis to the bottom edge of the inlet port. One field must have a value to calculate the other. The port heights, widths, areas, directions they flow, and relationships to one another all have a significant influence on how the engine will behave.
He will do one of two things,hang up, or if he is a good one,start explaining the complex nature of fluid dynamics, sonic wave pressures and the effects temperature on the speed and timing it takes to hit an open exhaust port at 6500 rpmsthis being said. I polish the exhaust port and the head so that carbon doesnt adhere to them, but if it does, its easier to clean off. Open the intake ports setup window by clicking on the button to the right of its duration display they do not all have to be set up together. Two stroke performance tuning back in europe twostroke engineers were battling excessive ring and cylinder wear, due to the exhaust port width being too great. Software for fine tuning and design of two stroke engine. Porting is a metal finishing process performed to the passageways of a twostroke cylinder and crankcases, that serves to match the surface texture, shapes and sizes of port ducts, and the timing and angle aspects of the port windows that interface with the cylinder bore. Two stroke design instead you can enter the data of your cylinder with extreme facility and precision, and then analyze the port areas and the timing area in the engine cycle timing for each phase. Ways to increase low rpm torque, and why do they work. The first 3 videos will cover simple mapping of the exhaust port and transferring that in to 2t exhaust calc software for the purpose of expansion. In general the higher the roof, or top edge of the exhaust port window is, the higher the powerband will be in the rpm. Under the head is a piston without rings its just there so i can discover the port timing and measure the volume above tdc. What is the significance of port timing diagram in 2 stroke. Entry of data for this type of port is therefore common to all engine types.
In this diagram, the fuel is fired at a and the expansion of gases takes place from a to b. Everything you need to know about the twostroke cylinder. A taller port restored lost power but made the power band unacceptably narrow. But because of the limited worldwide activity in two stroke engine development, program sales were limited and further development was curtailed. The main transfer timing can be fixed to a blowdown time, and the aux and boost ports can be fixed to an offset timing from the main tranfers.
Airgasoline enters the engine from the carburetor at a ratio close to 15. The way a two stroke motor works causes them to be f. In order to optimize an engine and to find initial settings for a tuned pipe exhaust system, on must determine the timing of the engine. For manufacter and tuner of two stroke engine, ntproject has developed a series of software to help in the development of the engine and its components from the bellmouth of the carburetor, to the insert of the reed valve and the reed petals, at the studied of the cylinder ports, until to the balance of the crankshaft, thanks at our software you could optimize your engine and to develop new. Blowdown tuning starting points for splittwin and three port exhaust port kits crazy wayne 14. The piston port type engines intake timing opens and closes before and after top dead center at the same crank angle, making it symmetrical, whereas the rotary valve allows the. Software engine valve timing diagram software how to change your vehicles serpentine belt, tensioner, and idler pulley proper belt tension is critical. Most of the errors is to choose a less appropriate combination of engine components so that the engine actually ran worse than standart, ever experienced. Each intake ports timing can be fixed to a timing relation. In the design form first select the water cooled and reed induction options from the dropdown menus. You wish to measure the exhaust port timing, so you remove the cylinder head and using a digital vernier you measure from the top of the cylinder down to the piston edge, with the exhaust port about to open. Page 1 of 3 asymmetric timing in the two stroke engines posted in the technical forum. I have ported in linefour cylinder force engines but if you port the exhaust, you will actually lose power over stock. Originally this motor was a 8000 rpm motor and with the new combo and the stock pipe it made more power and at a higher rpm.
Moreover you can have advices for the development of the engine thanks to the help of tested formulas for intake, exhaust, blowdown and transfer. What is the significance of port timing diagram in 2. The theoretical valve timing diagram for a twostroke cycle engine is shown. Two stroke engines without reed or rotary intake valves are piston port controlled. In motocross its usually a compromise between best peak hp and good early off the pipe power. Calculates port heights from durations, or durations from port heights. In a 2stroke, we want to maximize the retention of that finite fuel charge. I was reading a thread about a 2 stroke versus a 4 stroke and it occurred to me that if the porting, or timing, of a 2 stroke could be changed, that maybe its maximum torque range could be lowered to an rpm comparable to the 4 stroke, and thus swing the same prop as the 4 stroke. For manufacter and tuner of two stroke engine, ntproject has developed a series of software to help in the development of the engine and its components.
Since modifying the 2stroke engines require not only a big. The old adage of stuffing cases on every project just isnt true any more. Mota software, 2 stroke engine simulation software, 2 stroke exhaust design. Softengine engine simulation software 2tbase seven software. The accurate specification of these ports is crucial for the accurate prediction of an engines performance. Port timing basics airgasoline enters the engine from the carburetor at a ratio close to 15. Changing the power of 2stroke engine is really very simple when you know the basic techniques of 2stroke engines. Two cycle engine port timing calculator csgnetwork. Motas twostroke dyno will give you and your pc the equivalent of many experts knowledge. It enters via the intake port as the piston rises into the crankcase and then is transferred to the combustion area via the transfer ports as the piston descends and the piston top uncovers the port opening to the cylinder. If you are aiming for these qualities, modifying your 2stroke engine is a great strategy. Keep your vehicle running smoothly ic engine valve and port timing diagram theoretical and actual valve timing diagrams of four stroke petrol and diesel engines and port timing diagram for two.
The timing of the transfer and exhaust ports is a key factor controlling the performance characteristics of a two stroke engine. After entering the stroke and rod length, select either field to calculate. There is one or more forwardlocated exhaust ports, two or more side transfer ports, and one rear intake port. Port matching, porting and trenching twostroke engine cases. In general the higher the roof, or top edge of the exhaust port window is, the higher the powerband will be in the rpm range. In the case of two stroke cycle engines the inlet and exhaust valves are not present. Two stroke port timing calculator allows you to relate crank angles to piston stroke position relative to t. This is in contrast to a fourstroke engine, which requires four strokes of the piston to complete a power cycle during two crankshaft revolutions.
An engine port is an open window in the cylinder wall for the intake or exhaust of fuel mixture airgas. Time is required to pass from the opening of the exhaust port till the opening of the transfer port translated into. How exhaust port timing affects two stroke performance. Crankcase and cylinder porting is probably the most controversial subject among performance 2stroke engine builders. The theoretical valve timing diagram for a two stroke cycle engine is shown. Enables all transfer port heights to be calculated automatically by just entering exhaust timing. It requires values for stroke, piston height, conrod length, and wrist pin offset.952 521 11 918 228 282 1407 922 636 465 884 1538 159 1126 173 454 541 448 994 1107 230 708 690 51 494 703 92 704 469 378 231 116 1244 577 275 1305 582 1410 1452 941 268 619 313 121 1168 208 368 417 1167